Posts Tagged ‘AFC’

This I Believe Speech = motivational, inspirational, believable

Monday, May 19th, 2014

The purpose of this speech is to tell others what you have done, what you have achieved – ultimately, how you were inspired to change/make changes. Your speech should ‘speak’ to the heart (pathos/emotions) of others; it should result in your audience evaluating their current lifestyles and consider what they believe they CAN change.

Here are is a speech by Steve Jobs who believed he could, therefore he did, change the world:

a. Steve Jobs – motivational speech; think about life rather than death (positive attitude)


Feeling anxious about the delivery of your speech. Use the TIPS TO OVERCOME SPEECH ANXIETY on the linked website.

Word of the Day Challenge #3 for Week of 12 May: language of opinion related to AFC – “Saving our World”

Wednesday, May 14th, 2014

Complete 6 problem opinion statements  and 4 solution statements about the state of our world with “specific” academic vocabulary. 

A. The Problems caused by Man in my Opinion

1. The actions of man have led to the __________ of forests around the world. 

2. The panda is on the _________ of extinction because most of its natural habitat has been _______ by man. 

3. A large part of the forest was destroyed when the trees were _________ by farmers. 

4. Many wild animals that roam onto expressways have __________ with cars and died. 

5. Although it is illegal to kill elephants in Namibia, __________ continues because their __________ can be sold for a high price. 

6. Garbage disposal ______________ in most of the poorer countries are not well designed and, therefore, they have polluted the surrounding areas as well. 

7. Ships that dump toxic ____________ into the sea have killed both people and animals.

8. ____________ occurs when soil, mud and rocks flow down the land due to heavy rain. 

9. Children in poorer countries are _________ by many illnesses. 

10. When __________ melt, the water ________ of the seas, oceans and rivers will rise. 

11. Climate change is ____________ if we do not take action to __________ the rainforests now. 

12. Children in undeveloped countries become more ___________ to diseases when they do not have enough food to eat. 

B. Solutions tried by Concerned Parties

1. Greenpeace is an international organization that is _____________ to saving the Earth. 

2. Conservationists are trying hard to prevent animal populations from ___________ing. 

3. To save the earth, we should obtain power from renewable energy __________ and not from nuclear power and fossil fuel. 

4. If there is no ________ to fine those guilty of pollution, then people will continue to pollute the air. 

5. Countries that are facing a water __________ have to ration the amount of water used by each household each day. 

6. In order to __________ poverty, international organizations are providing aid to the poorer nations. 

7. More companies are __________ with solar powered cars to _________ fuel. 

8. Technology companies are the first ones to use sociometrics as an equitable means to  ______________ men and women into management positions based on their ________ in the workplace. 



Overfishing and the destruction of marine ecosystems – how do they contribute to global hunger?

Monday, May 12th, 2014

Did you know that National Geographic Education has multiple resources that could relate to a number of AFC issues? 

If you are doing Climate Change or Global Poverty & Hunger, you may want to look at the website. Click on the image below.

Screen Shot 2014-05-12 at 5.57.24 PM

Connections among the Carbon Cycle, the 4 laws of Ecology, Pollution and Climate Change

Thursday, May 8th, 2014


The Connection between the Fourth Law and Energy Usage

Thursday, April 24th, 2014

Energy Crisis & Energy Alternatives

With population growth comes increased usage of energy. The energy crisis is the inability of the earth’s resources to keep pace with the population’s needs. The solution to the energy crisis is twofold – build more power stations to supply more energy, or reduce the usage of energy by building more energy-efficient devices.

There are 2 types of energy sources – non-renewable and renewable.


  • e.g. fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and nuclear energy (uranium, plutonium)
  • Takes a long time to form (e.g. millions of years)
  • Cannot be reused
  • Advantages
  • Cheap
  • Readily available
  • Efficient
  • Multipurpose (e.g. oil for cars, heating)
  • Disadvantages
  • Polluting or radioactive
  • Running out

  • e.g. biomass, solar, wind, wave, tidal, hydroelectric, geothermal
  • Takes a shorter time to form (e.g. decade or two)
  • Can be reused or is very abundant
  • Advantages
  • Won’t run out
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Disadvantages
  • Inefficient
  • Geographically selected



  • Fossil fuels began forming millions of years ago. At the time when it is believed that dinosaurs roamed the earth, forests of trees fell into swamps and were covered by silt and mud. They gradually changed into the coal, oil and natural gas that we use today.
  • The advantages of using fossil fuels are that they are readily available at the present time and are cheap. They can also be used for many purposes e.g. coal can be burnt in power stations to make electricity and also in homes for heating.
  • These fossil fuels took millions of years to form, yet humans are using them rapidly in cars, power stations and factories. They will probably run out within the next 100 years. So the disadvantages of fossil fuels are that they will run out and also that they are polluting.



  • Biomass is plant matter that is used as an energy source. For example, timber can be burnt for both cooking and heating in many homes around the world. Methane gas that is flammable can be made from rotting vegetation in methane digesters. Also alcohol made from sugar cane can be used as an environmentally-friendly alternative to petrol.
  • Solar Energy can be used in many ways. Buildings can be designed to take advantage of the sun’s warmth in the winter so that we don’t use electric heaters. Solar hot water heaters can reduce our electricity bills. Photovoltaic or solar cells can generate electricity. Solar energy is particularly useful here in Australia because of our abundance of sunlight.
  • Hydroelectric Power Stations are initially expensive to build but are cheap to run. They can be located in mountainous areas where water is stored in dams and then released to turn turbines that generate electricity.
  • Wind Energy from windmills can be used to generate electricity by turning turbines in the same way as in hydroelectric power stations. These are particularly useful in areas close to the coast where the winds are strong and continuous.
  • Wave and Tidal Power can be used to generate electricity from the rise and fall of the waves and the tides. These forms of power can only be utilised at the moment in places such as Broome where the tide rises and falls through a considerable height very rapidly.
  • Geothermal energy is energy harnessed in areas of the earth that are near volcanoes or hot springs such as in Rotorua in New Zealand. The heat can be used for domestic use. It can also be used to generate electricity by heating steam to turn turbines.
  • The advantages of using renewable energy sources are that they won’t run out and they are relatively friendly to the environment. Unfortunately, they are not as efficient in producing electricity as coal-powered power stations. Also another disadvantage of solar, wind, wave, tidal and geothermal energy sources is that they can only be used in certain areas around the world.

What action can the youth take?

Use the CRAAP test to evaluate your online sources of information

Wednesday, April 23rd, 2014


*The CRAAP test was created by the Meriam Library at California State University, Chico(2009).

Currency:  How timely is the information?

When was the information published?

When was the information last revised or updated?

Is the information out-of-date for your topic?

If a website, are the links functional?

Relevance:  Does the information meet your needs?

Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?

Can you determine who the intended audience is?

Is the information too simple or too complicated for your needs?

Did you look at a variety of sources before determining what you will use? 

            (Corollary to your Librarian ranting about not leaving things go to the last minute!)

Authority:  The source of the information.

Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?

Can you find the author’s credentials, or information about the source if no author is given?

Can you tell if the author/source has the necessary qualifications to write on the topic?

Is there current contact information, such as a publisher address or e-mail address?

Does the URL (.com, .edu, .gov, .net, .org) reveal anything about the author or source?

Accuracy:  How reliable and correct is the information?

Where does the information come from?

Is the information supported by evidence, such as citations, active links, bibliographies, and/or footnotes? 

Has the information been edited or reviewed?

Can you verify the information presented by personal knowledge or other sources?

Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

Purpose:  The reason the information exists.

Does the information educate? entertain? sell? persuade?

Does the author/source make their intentions or purpose clear?

Can you determine if the information presented is fact? opinion? propaganda?

Does the point of view appear objective or impartial?

Are there political, religious, ideological, cultural, institutional or personal biases?




The connection between the First Law, the Second Law and Climate Change

Monday, April 21st, 2014

Environmental Issues

  • Climate Change / Global Warming and Greenhouse Effect – The earth’s atmosphere allows a lot of sunlight to reach the earth’s surface, but reflects much of that light back into space. Some gases trap more sunlight, so that less light reflects back into space. These gases are called Greenhouse Gases, because the effect is like being in a plant glasshouse, or in a car with the windows wound up. The result is a gradual increase in earth’s temperature or Global Warming. The major greenhouse gases are water, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s).

The main man-made causes are thought to be carbon dioxide and methane from factory, power station and car emissions, the waste products of respiration, logging, the mining of fossil fuels and the breakdown of plant matter in swamps. The long-term effects may include melting of glaciers and a rise in sea level, and a global change in climate and type of vegetation.



photo credit: <a href=””>pirano Bob R</a> via <a href=””>photopin</a> <a href=””>cc</a>


Sustainable Water – Understanding the Water Cycle

Thursday, April 3rd, 2014


AFC Issue Research Requirements

Thursday, April 3rd, 2014

Research Requirements:

    • Create 3-5 NoodleTools note cards per subsection (e.g., global overview, tried solutions), not including the introductions and conclusion.

    • Make a pile of notecards for each subsection in NoodleTools and include a Thought Card with the subsection title (e.g., Home Country Outlook) and your research questions for that subsection.

    • Use only valid sources and relevant information.  Don’t include information that doesn’t help you answer your research questions.  Use CRAAP!

    • Source requirements:

  • at least one (1) print source

  • at least one (1) online encyclopedia source (e.g., World Book, Britannica) or Wikipedia External Links

  • at least one (1) source retrieved through Instagrok

  • at least one (1) database source (i.e., Ebsco)

  • zero (0) direct Wikipedia sources (but feel free to read Wikipedia for background and search terms!)

  • only the three (3) most reliable website sources you found through a search engine such as Google

  • Include in-text citations in your NoodleTools paraphrases.

  • Include a brief note in My Ideas for each note card to show your thinking and explain how the information relates to your question.

  • Make regular reference to the Research Rubric.

Why does POVERTY exist?

Friday, March 28th, 2014



What can be done?